What is Gingivitis?


Gingivitis is the most common gum disease encountered in human beings.  It is initiated by the naturally occurring bacteria (germs - about 10 billion) living in the mouth. It develops as a result of incorrect teeth cleaning procedures (brushing and flossing) which allows the germs to collects in the grooves between the teeth and gums.

The body then launches an attack against these germs (inflammatory reaction) which results in the signs and symptoms of gingivitis:

  • Red gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Itching gums
  • Bad Breath

The good news is that gingivitis is totally treatable, restoring the gums to health.  The treatment involves a thorough cleaning of the teeth followed by continual good, daily, home brushing and flossing procedures.  


When the inflammation has caused breakdown of the supporting bone of the teeth the treatment becomes more complex and time-consuming as a result of the bone loss around the teeth.  This may result in single or multiple tooth loss. In most cases, however, the disease may be stabilized (periodontal surgical procedures) and kept under control by utilizing a suitable follow up dental hygiene program together with the correct home brushing and flossing techniques.    

Go to top